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当前位置:中国在职研究生招生信息网>试题>考博英语词汇复习之基础部分(一)
考博英语词汇复习之基础部分(一)

来源:中国在职研究生招生信息网 中国在职研究生招生信息网 发布时间:2017-04-18 14:01:51 作者:

 

A     
 

a/an ability able about above absent accept
accident ache achieve across act action active
activity actor actress actual add address admire
admit adverb advice advise aeroplane airplane affair
afraid Africa African after afternoon afterwards again
against age ago agree agreeable agreement agricultural
ahead* aid aim air aircraft airport alike alive all allow almost alone* along aloud already also although altogether always amend America American among(st) amuse amusement ancient and anger angry animal announce another* answer ant anxious any anybody anyhow anyone anybody anything anyway anywhere apartment apologize appear appearance apple appoint appointment approve April Arabian area argue argument army around arrange arrival arrive art artist as* ashamed Asia Asian ask* asleep assist at atom August aunt Australia Australian author autumn avoid away awfully B baby back* backward bad badly bag ball* banana banner barely basic basketball bathroom battle be beard beautiful beauty because become bedroom bee beef beer before beg begin beginner beginning behind believe bell below beneath beside besides best* better between beyond bicycle big bike bird birth bit black blackboard blind* blood blue boat body bomb bone book boot born borrow bottle box boy brain brave bread break* breakfast breathe bridge bright bring Britain British broken brother brown build building burn* bury bus busy but* buy by C cake calm camel camera camp can* Canada Canadian cancer cap car careful carry* cat celebrate center central century certain certainly chair chairman change cheap chemical chemist chemistry chicken chiefly child chimney China Chinese choice choose Christmas cinema city classmate classroom clean clear* clever climate climb clock* cloth clothe clothes clothing cloud cloudy club coal coast coat cock coffee cold collect college color bomb come* comfort comfortable command communism compete complete computer comrade concert conclude congratulation connect consider continue control* conversation cool copper corn corner correct cost* cotton cough could country countryside courage court cover* cow crazy create crime criminal crisis crop crowd cruel cry cucumber culture cup cure customer cut* D dad daily damage dance danger* dangerous dark darling daughter dawn day daylight daytime dead deaf dear death debate December decent decide decision declare deep deepen deeply deer defeat defend defense degree demand department depend dependence dependent depth desire desk despair destroy dialog diamond diary dictionary diet differ difference different difficult difficulty dig diligent dinner direction directly director dirty disagree disappear disappoint disaster discover discovery discuss disease dish dislike dismiss distance distant* district disturb dive divide do* doctor dog* dollar donkey door* double* doubtful down downstairs downtown downward dozen drag dragon drama dream dress* drink drive driver drop* drum drunk dry duck dull during dusk dust dying E each* eager eagle ear early earn earth earthquake easily east eastern eastward easy eat editor(编辑) educate education egg eight eighteen eighth eighty either elder eldest elect elephant eleven eleventh else* elsewhere emperor empire empty enable encourage end* endanger ending enemy energy England English enjoy enough enter entire envelope equal error especially essay Europe European evening ever every everybody everyday everyone everything everywhere exact exactly exam*examination examine example excellent excite excitement exciting excuse exercise exhibit exhibition exist expect expensive experience experiment expert explain export expression extra extreme eye eyesight F face* factory fail failure fair fairly fall* false* familiar family famous far* farewell(再见) fax fear fearful February feed* feel* feeling fellow fellowship female festival fever few fifteen fifth fifty fight finally find* fine* finger finish fire* first fish fist fit five fix fixed flag flame flavor flood floor flow flower fluent fly fog fold follow* following fond food fool foolish foot football for forbid force* foreigner forest forever forget forgive form forth forty forward* four fourteen fox France free* freedom French fresh Friday friend friendly friendship frog from front frozen fruit full fun fund funny furniture further future G gain game garage garden gas gate gather general gentle gentleman gently German Germany get* giant girl glad glass global glory glow go* goat god gold golden golf good* goodbye goodnight goods gradual graduate grain grammar grammatical grand grandmother grasp grass gray great Greek green greet greeting ground group grow grown-up growth guard guess guest guide guilt guilty gun H habit hair haircut half hall hammer(锤子) hand* handle handsome handwriting happen happiness happy hard harden hardly* hardship harm harmful hat hate have* he head* headache health healthy hear hearing heart* heat heaven heavily heavy hello help* helpful hen her here* hero hers herself hesitate hi/hey hide* high highly hill him himself hire his history hit* hold* hole holiday home* homework honest honesty honey honor hope hopeful horse hospital host hot hotel hour house housewife how however huge human humorous hundred hunger* hungry hunt hurry* hurt husband I I ice ice-cream idea ideal idiom idle if ill illness imagination imaginative imagine importance important impossible impression improper improve improvement in inch include income increase increasingly indeed independent India Indian indoor indoors industrial industry influence information injure injury ink inland inner inside insist inspect instance instant instead interest interesting international interpreter into introduce introduction invention invite inward island it Italian J jacket jail January Japan Japanese jaw jazz jewel job jog join joke journey joy judge judgment July jump June K kick kid kill kind kindness king kingdom kiss kitchen knee kneel knife know knowledge L lady lake lamp land language large largely late later Latin laugh laughter law lawyer lazy lead* leadership leading leaf learn learning least leather lecture left leg less* lesson letter liberate liberty library life lifetime* lightly like likely likeness limit limited line* lion lip liquid list listen live* living living-room loan locate lock lonely long* look* loose loosely lose lot love lovely lover low luck lucky luggage lunch lung M machine madam main mainland mainly make* man management manager mankind manner many* map market marriage married marry master match mathematical mathematics may maybe me meal meantime meanwhile measurable measure meat medical meet meeting member membership memory mend message metal method middle might mile milk milky million mine ministry minute* miss missing mist mistake mister misunderstand model modern modernization modest modesty Monday monkey month monthly mood moon moral morning most* mostly mother mountain mouth movement movie MR Mrs. Ms. much muscle museum music musician must ]my N name narrow nation naught near nearby nearly necessary neck need needle Negro neighbor neighborhood neither* never new news newspaper next nice night nine ninety ninth no nobody noise noisy none nonetheless nonsense noon nor north northeast northern northward northwest nose not notebook nothing noun novel November now* nowadays nowhere numb number nurse O obey ocean o'clock October of off* offer office officer official often oh oil okay old on one* oneself* only onto onward open opening opinion or orange order* ordinary origin(起源,由来;出身,来历) original other* otherwise ought ounce our ours ourselves out* outdoor outdoors outer outermost outside outstanding outward over overcoat overhead overseas own* owner P page painful paint painter painting pair palace panda paper pardon parent park part* partly party pass* passenger past payment peace peaceful peanut peasant pen pencil penny people per percent perhaps period permit personal petrol phone photo/photograph phrase physical physically physicist physics piano picture piece pig pilot pioneer pity place* plain plan plane* play* player playground pleasant please pleasure plus PM/P.M./p.m. pocket poem poet poetry point* poison poisonous police policeman policy polite political politician politics pollute pollution poor population port possible possibly post postcard postman potato pound pour poverty powerful prefer prepare president pretend pretty prevent price priceless pride prince princess print prison prisoner privacy private prize probability probable problem produce product production professor profit progress promise pronoun pronunciation protect protest proud prove public publish pull* punish punishment pure purpose* purse pursue push put* Q quality quarrel quarterly(每季的;每季一次;季刊) queen question quick quiet quite quiz R race radio railroad/railway rain rapid rare rat read reader reading ready real reality realize really receive recent recite recognition recognize recorder recover red reduce reform region regret regular relationship relative relativity relax religion religious rely remain remember repair repeat reply report reporter republic republican research respect* respond response responsible rest restaurant result* return review revolution* revolutionary rice rich ride right risk river road* rob robber rocket role room rope rose rough round* rubber rubbish rude rule ruler run* Russian S sad safe* safety sail sailor salad salary sale salesman same sand satellite satisfaction satisfactory satisfy Saturday save scarcely scare science scientific scientist scold scream sea seaman seaport search seaside season seat second secondary second-hand secondly secret security see* seem seldom self selfish sell send* separate September serious servant seven several sew sex shake shall shame shameful share she sheep sheet shelf shine ship shipwreck(船舶失事,海难) shirt shock shoe shoot shop shopkeeper shopping shore short* shortage shortcoming shortly should shoulder shout shut shy signal significance significant silence silent silk similar simple simply since sing single sink* sister sitting-room situation six size skate ski skill skilled skillful skin skirt sky slave slavery sleep slow small smell smile smoke smooth shake snow so* soap sob social socialism society sock soft soldier solid solve some somebody somehow someone something sometime sometimes somewhat somewhere son song soon* sorrow sorrowful sorry sort soul soup south southeast southern southward southwest Soviet speak speaker special speech speed spell spelling spend spirit spiritual splendid sport sportsman spread spy standard star stare start state statement stay steady steal steam steamer(汽船,轮船) steel step stocking(长统袜) stomach stone stool stop store storm story straight strange stranger street strength strengthen strict strong struggle student study stupid style suburb subway success successful sugar suggest suggestion summer sun Sunday sunrise sunset sunshine supermarket supper support suppose sure surface surprise surprising surround swear sweet swim sword symbol system T tail tailor take* tale(故事,传说) talk* tall target task taste tax taxi tea teach teacher teaching team teenager telegram telegraph telephone television ten tennis tent terrible test text textbook than that* the theater their theirs them themselves then theory there therefore these they thick thief thin thing third thirdly thirsty thirteen thirty this those thousand three through Thursday thus tiger till time* timetable tiny tired to tobacco today toe together tomato tomb tomorrow ton tonight too tool topic total touch* tough tour tourism tourist towards town toy train training traitor translate translation travel treat tree tremble trolley/trolly([英]无轨电车,[美]有轨电车) trouble trousers truck true Tuesday tunnel twelfth twelve twentieth twice two type typewriter typist(打字员) U ugly umbrella unable uncertain uncertainty uncle uncover under undergraduate understand understanding unhappy unite university unjust unkind unknown unless unlike unlikely unlimited unlock unsatisfactory until unusual unwilling upon upstairs upward us usage use* used useful usual usually V vacation valley valuable various vegetable verb very victory viewpoint village violin visible visit visitor vocabulary volleyball voyage(航海,航程) W waist wait waiter waitress wake waken walk wall wallet want war warm* warn warning wash waste wasteful watch watchful water wax we weak wealth wealthy weapon wear* weather wedding Wednesday weed week weekday weekend weekly weep weigh weight welcome well* well-known west western westward set what whatever wheat wheel when whenever where wherever which whichever whisky(威士忌酒) whisper whistle white who whoever whole whom whose why wide widow(寡妇) wife wild will willing win wind window wine winter wireless wisdom wise wish with within without wolf woman wonderful wood wool woolen word worker world worry worse worst would wound wrap wrist write writer writing wrong Y year yellow yes yesterday yet* young your yours yourself youth youthful Z zero zoo 二.核心词汇1800 在剩余的3500个词汇中,并非每一个都是同等重要的,其中有一半(约1800个)词汇在考研21年真题中重复出现,这1800个单词就是考研的核心高频难词,是考研的重点、考点和难点。而其余的另一半(约1700个),在考研历年真题中还没有出现过,重要性次之。 复习建议:1800每天100个(把不认识的单词找出来重点记忆和复习),18天过一轮,36天就过了两轮,你就可以记住其中的绝大部分词汇了。掌握了这1800个核心词汇(还包含高中2000个基础词汇),就可以开始大范围做考研真题,你会发现在真题中,97%左右的词汇你都认识了。
A-C
A
abide  遵循(…by);容忍  The one thing she cannot abide is lying.
abnormal  反常的  abnormal behavior
abolish  彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custom
abrupt  突然的,意外的  an abrupt departure
absolute  纯粹的,完全的  have absolute trust in sb.
absorb  吸收,吸进  A sponge absorbs water. abstract 抽象的 A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract. absurd 荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number 13 brings bad luck is absurd. abuse 滥用 abuse one's authority(office) aaccelerate 加速,增速 accelerate one’s steps access 接近(或进入)的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President accommodate 使适应,使符合一致 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances accompany 陪伴,伴随 She was accompanied to a dinner by her friend. accomplish 达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划,诺言等) accomplish one's purpose accord 使符合,相一致(with) His violent action doesn't accord with his peaceful words. account 记述,叙述 give a brief account of what has happened accumulate 积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate wisdom accurate 准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate accuse 指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books. accustom 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early acquaint 使认识,使了解 activate 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed. acute 尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker adapt (使)适应 adapt oneself to new conditions address 演说 a television address adhere 黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another. adjacent 临近的,毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs adjoin 贴近,与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake. administrate 掌管,料理...的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife. adolescent (尤指16岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents advance 使向前移动 advance a chessman advantage 有利条件,优点 Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term. adverse 不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends. advocate 拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self-defence aesthetic 美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory affliliate 使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 a government affiliated company affirm 断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement aggravate 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon agitate 搅动(液体等) The machine agitated the mixture. alarm 惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm. alert 警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages. alien 外国的 adjust to an alien culture allege 断言,宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt. allocate 分配,分派,把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects allied 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations allow 允给,准许,允许 He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit. allowance 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance alter 改变,更改 alter an attitude alternate 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate. amateur (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer amaze 使惊愕,使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post. ambiguous 含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer ambition (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心 His political ambitions still burn. amend 修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper amuse 逗乐,逗笑,给...提供娱乐(或消遣) The clown at the circus amused the children. anchor 锚 The anchor catches (drags). announce 宣布,声称 It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection. annoy 使恼怒,使生气 She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude. annual 每年的,年度的 the annual output of steel anonymous 匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call) answer 回答,响应 Henry took ages to answer the door. anticipate 预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall). anxious 焦虑的,发愁的(about, at) They become anxious at her delay. apart 成零碎 Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings. apparent 显然的,明明白白的 It was apparent that they all understood. appeal 呼吁,恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise. applaud 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes. apply 涂,敷 He applied two coats of paint to the table. appoint 任命,委派 They appointed his father (to be 或as) postmaster. appraise 估量,估计 appraise the infant's weight appreciate 感激 I appreciated your help much. apprehend 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty? approach 靠近,接近 John is approaching manhood. appropriate 恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. approve 赞成,同意 I couldn't approve his conduct. approximate 大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock. apt (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes. arbitrary 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice arise 起立,起身 arise from one's seat arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused. Don’t worry. array 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. artificial 人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls ascend 登高,(渐渐)上升,升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud. ascertain 查明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he was dead. ashamed 惭愧的,羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid. ashore 向岸,向陆地 He swam ashore. aside 在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass. assault 攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort. assemble 集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting. assert 肯定地说(出),坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence. assess 估价,评价,评论 assess the present state of the economy assign 分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson. assimilate 吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas. associate (使)联系,(使)结合 We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution. assume 假定,假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable. assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证 assurance 保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help. astonish 使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance. attach 系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase attain 达到,获得 attain one’s goal attend 出席,参加(会议等) attend a wedding attendance 出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today. attentive 注意的,专心的 an attentive audience attribute 把归因于,把......(过错的责任等)归于(to) He attributed his success to hard work. auxiliary 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket avail 有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us? average 平均数,平均 The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day. avert 挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy. awake 醒,觉醒 awake from sleep award 授予(奖品等) The university awarded him an honorary degree. B ban (以官方明令)禁止,取缔 He was banned from entering the city. bang (突发的) sudden loud bang bar 条,块,杆,棒 a bar of gold bare 赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的 walk in bare feet beforehand 预先,事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. behave 举止端正,听话 Do behave. bewilder 使迷惑,使糊涂 I’m bewildered as to which one to buy. bias 偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb.(或sth.) blame 责备,责怪 Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray. blast 一阵(风),一股(气流) a blast of wind blaze 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze. blunt 钝的 The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive. blush (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 blush with(或for) joy boast 自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts. bolt 螺栓,(门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts boom 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom. border 边界,边境,边沿 a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand bore 钻孔,挖(通道) bore through a wall bounce 弹起,反弹 The ball doesn’t bounce well. bound 跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly. boycott (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures brace 托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight. breed (使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly. bribe 贿赂 accept(或take)a bribe from sb. brief 短暂的,简短的,简洁的 a brief holiday brisk 轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace brittle 易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass brush 刷子,毛刷 a laundry brush bump 碰,撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark. burst 爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst. C calculate 计算,推算 calculate the distance between New York and Chicago call 喊,叫 Please call the names of all the people who are present. cancel 取消,废除,删去 cancel a trip capture 俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies case 事例,事实,事情 This is a case of poor judgment. cast 投,扔,抛,撒,掷 cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme casual 偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的 a casual meeting cease 停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly. certify 证明,证实 The accounts were certified (as) correct. challenge 向...挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match. character (事物的)性质,特质 The furniture in Tom’s apartment was pretentious and without character. charge 要(价),收(费) The airlines charge half price for students. charm 魅力,魔力 This thriving resort town has retained its village charm. chase 追逐,追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last. check 使突然停止,制止 check one’s steps cherish 珍爱,珍视 cherish one’s native land chew 嚼,咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat. choke 窒息,噎住 be choked by smoke chorus 合唱队 chronic (疾病)慢性的,(人)久病的 chronic indigestion clarity 澄清,阐明 clarify an issue cling 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother. clumsy 笨拙的 a clumsy boy cluster (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists clutch 紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity coherent 一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals coin 硬币,钱币,金属货币 a silver coin coincide 相符,相一致 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit. collaborate (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays. collapse 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow. collide 碰撞,互撞 The car collided with the truck. come 来,来到 Will you come to the dance tonight? commemorate 纪念,庆祝 commemorate a holiday commend 表扬,称赞 commend a soldier for bravery compact 紧密的,坚实的 a compact piece of luggage compare 比较,对照(with, to) compare the body to a finely tuned machine compatible 能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes. compile 汇编,编制 compile an anthology of poems comply 遵从,顺从,服从 comply with rules(safety regulations) compose 组成,构成 England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain. compress 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences comprise 包含,包括 The shipyard comprises three docks. compromise 妥协,折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next. compulsory 必须做的,义务的 a compulsory subject conceal 隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends. conceive 构想出,设想 conceive an idea concentrate 集中,专心 concentrate one’s attention condemn 谴责 We all condemn cruelty to children. condense (使)压缩,(使)凝结,使简洁 condense a speech to half confer 商谈,商议 confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth. confess 坦白,供认,承认,忏悔 confess one’s crime confidence 信任 break sb.’s confidence confine 限制,使局限 They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area. confirm 证实,肯定 confirm a rumour conflict (尤指长期的)战争,战斗 The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years. conform 遵照,适应 confirm to(或with) the rules(the law) confront (使)面临,(使)遭遇 The war confronted him with hardships. confuse 使混乱,混淆 He confused the arrangements by arriving late. connect 连接,连接 The bridge connects the island with(或to) the mainland. conscious 意识到的,自觉地 They were conscious that he disapproved. consent 同意,赞同,准许 The people will never consent to another war. conserve 保护,保藏,保存 conserve natural resources consider 考虑,细想 Consider carefully before doing anything. consist 组成,构成(of) The house consists of six rooms. consolidate 巩固,加强 consolidate one’s position conspicuous 显眼的,明显的,引人瞩目的 He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage. constant 经常的,不断的 a constant noise constitute 组成,构成 constitute a threat to sb. consult 请教,与......商量 consult a doctor about one’s illness consume 消费,花费: consume much of one’s time in reading contact 接触,联系,交往: be in contact with sb contain 包括,容纳, a list containing twelve items contaminate弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air contempt轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb contest竞赛,比赛,竞争:the contest between the two powers for the control of the region contract合同,契约:enter into(make)a contact with contradict反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory contrary相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view contrast对照,对比,(对比之下显出的)差异:the contrast between the two forms of government contribute捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday contrive设计,想出:contrive a new method controversy(尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy convention(正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention convert转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas convey运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current convict(经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling coordinate调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies cordial热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation) correspond相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation correspondent通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent corresponding符合的,一致的:corresponding fingerprints corrode(渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller corrupt堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life count数,计算: count the money course课程,科目:an English course courtesy 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy credit信任,可信性:I have full credit in your ability to do the job。 crucial 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision cue 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb cultivate耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables cure 治愈,医治:this medicine cured him of his pains。 cut 切,割,剪,砍,削; The Mayor cut the ribbon to open a trade exhibition. D dawn 黎明,拂晓 work from dawn to dark dazzle (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success. deceive 欺骗,蒙蔽:deceive oneself decent 体面的,像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball. decline 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation but he declined. decompose 分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its elements. dedicate 奉献,把。。。用在(to): The doctor dedicated himself to finding a cure. deduce 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family. define 解释,给。。。下定义: People define him as a genius. deform(使)变形:Heat deforms plastic. defy 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties. degenerate 衰退,堕落,变坏(into): Her eyesight degenerated with the years. deliberate 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices. delight 高兴,快乐:To the teacher’s great delight , all his students passed the examination. deliver 投递,传送,运输:deliver the mail demonstrate 论证,证明 :demonstrate a philosophical principle denote 表示,是。。。的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure. dense 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest deposit 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom. depress 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me. deprive 剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property derive 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. descend 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon. deserve 应得,值得:The question deserves consideration. designate 指明,表明:designate boundaries desolate 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land despise 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery. detach 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp. detain 留住,担搁:be detained by business. detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating deteriorate (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化: Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate. deviate 背离,偏离:deviate from the rule devote 将...献给(to):Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick. diagnose 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza. dictate 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary differentiate 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等):The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky. diminish 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength. diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat discard 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes discern 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he was upset. disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb. discharge 释放:The judge found him not guilty and discharged him. discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due. discriminate 区别,辨别:It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers. disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself disgust 厌恶,恶心:feel disgust for bad odors disperse 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas displace 移动。。。的位置:Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters dispose 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display disregard 不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep working distinct 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people distort 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或with)pain distract 使转向:be distracted from one’s original purpose distribute 分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the winners divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:sue for a divorce dominate 分配,统治:a white dominated society donate 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year. doom 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty. doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair. drain 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool dread 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen. drift 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us. dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply due 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you. dump 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk. duplicate 完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key durable 耐用的:a durable fabric dwell (dwelt 或 dwelled )(尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island E economical节约的,节俭的,经济的: an economical stove edge边,棱: At the edge of the lake women were doing their washing edible可以吃的,可食用的:edible oil elaborate精心计划(或制作)的,详尽的:an elaborate plot elevate举起,提高,抬起:elevate the living standards of the people eliminate排除,消除:eliminate the exploitation of man by man elite出类拔萃的人(或物),精华:the elite of the society eloquent雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的:an eloquent spokesman embark上船(或飞机,汽车等):embark for Europe at New York harbor embody使具体化,表现:embody principles in actions embrace拥抱:She embraced her son tenderly emigrate移居外国(或外地区):emigrate from Canada to Australia emit发出,散发(光,热,电度,声音,液体,气味等),发射电子:The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke enclose (从四面八方)围住,包围:enclose a porch with glass encounter意外的遇见,遭遇:encounter an old friend in the theatre endeavor (为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试:How much he endeavored, goal stayed unattained energy活力,精力:a man of energy enforce实施,使生效:The principal enforced the rules of the school engage (用契约诺言等)约束,使订婚:He engaged himself as an apprentice to a printer enhance 提高(价格,质量,吸引力等),增加,增强:enhance one’s reputation enlighten 启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信)Would you enlighten me on your plans for the future? enroll 吸收(成员),招生:The school enrolled about 300 pupils last year ensure 保证,担保:His industriousness and ability will ensure his success entertain 给。。。娱乐,使有兴趣:The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks entitle 给。。。权利,给。。。资格(to):Robert was entitled to see the documents equivalent 相等的,相同的:The misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness erase 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks erect 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree erupt (火山,喷泉等)喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day essence 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness eternal 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths evaluate 估价,评价:evaluate property evaporate (使)蒸发,(使)挥发:Heats evaporate water exaggerate 夸张,夸大,对…言过其实:keep to the facts and don’t exaggerate exceed 超出,胜过:Her performance exceeded all the others excess 超越,超过:an excess of supply over demand execute 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute a plan exemplify 例示,举例证明,是…的例证(或榜样等):The teacher exemplified the use of the word exert 用力,尽力:exert all one’s strength exhaust 汲空,抽完:exhaust a well expand 扩大,扩展,膨胀:Reading(travel)expands one’s mind expel 驱逐,赶走:expel an invader from a country expend 花费,消费(on, in):They expended all their strength in (on) trying to climb out expire 满期,届期,(期限)终止:His term of office expires this year explicit 详尽的,明确的:give explicit directions exploit英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹:The daring of exploit of the parachutists were much admired exterior 外部的,外面的,外表的:exterior decorations external 外面的,外部的:external signs of a disease extinct (火等)熄灭了的:an extinct cigarette(fire) extinguish熄灭,扑灭:extinguish a cigarette(candle) extract取出,提取:extract a confession extravagant奢侈的,浪费的:be extravagant in one’s way of living F fabricate 建造,制造:The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock facilitate使变得(更)容易,使便利:Such a port would facilitate the passage of oil from the Middle East to Japan fade (颜色)褪去:The color in this material will not fade faint不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea fancy想象力:Children usually have a lively fancy fare车费,船费,飞机票价:full (half) fare fascinate强烈的吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒:be fascinated with history fashion方式,样子:She speaks in a very strange fashion favor 恩惠,善意的行为:We would esteem it a great favor if you would reply at once feasible 可行的:a feasible plan(idea) feeble 虚弱的,无力的:His pulse was very feeble feed 喂养,饲养:feed a baby at the breast figure 数字:according to official figures finance 财政,金融:skill in finance finite 有限的,有限制的:a finite number of facts flare (火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧:candle flaring in the wind flash 闪光,闪烁:a flash of lighting flat平坦的,扁平的:a flat land flatter奉承,使高兴:I feel greatly flattered by your invitation flavor味,味道,风味:drama with a European flavor flee逃走,逃掉:The enemy troops fled in utter confusion flexible柔韧易,弯曲的:flexible cord fling(用力)扔,掷,抛,丢:fling sb into prison flourish 茂盛,繁荣,兴旺:Painting flourished in Italy in the fifteenth century fluctuate波动,起伏:You can’t march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it flush 脸红:Her cheeks flushed red forbid 不许,禁止:Wine is absolutely forbidden to all the children forge锻炼:forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar formulate规划(制度等),构想出(计划方法等)formulate a policy fracture 裂缝,裂痕: a fracture in the pipe frequent时常发生的,频繁的:His trips to France are less frequent now frown 皱眉:frown at sb frustrate 挫败,阻挠,使灰心,使无效:frustrate a plan fulfill (fulfilled, fulfilling)履行,实现,完成: fulfill a contract furnish供应,提供:furnish blankets for the refugees fury狂怒,暴怒:fly into a fury fuss大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做:make much fuss over losing a penny G gallop (马等的)飞跑,疾驰:The horse did a fine gallop during the race gamble赌博:gamble at cards gasp 喘气,喘息:speak between gasps gear齿轮,传动装置,(排)档:interlock cogs and gears generalize 归纳,概括:I don’t think you can generalize about what voters will do generate 产生,发生(电、热、光、力、摩擦力等):generate electricity genuine 真的,非人造的,名副其实的:genuine leather gesture 手势,示意动作:raise one’s hands in a gesture of despair glance 一瞥,扫视:take a glance at the newspaper headlines glare 怒视,瞪眼:give the jury a glare glimpse 一瞥,一看:have a glimpse of (into)sth glitter 闪闪发亮(或发光),光彩夺目,闪耀:His language glitters with marvelous words glory 光荣,荣誉:The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle field glow 发热,发光,发红:the fire glowing in the darkness gossip 流言蜚语:give rise to gossip govern 统治,管理:govern a nation grace 优美:She ran well, grace in every movement graduate (使)大学毕业:graduate from college grant 同意,准予:grant a request grease 油脂,动物脂:the grease spot on the envelope greet 问候,招呼:greet sb with a nod grieve 使悲伤,使伤心:The little girl grieved over her kitten’s death grind (ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎:grind wheat into flour grip 抓紧,紧握:Fear gripped his heart gross 总的,毛的:gross income guarantee 保证,保证书,保单:Wealth is no guarantee of happiness H hail 欢呼,喝彩:The crowd hailed the actress with joy halt (行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止:The car came to a sudden halt hamper 妨碍,阻碍:hamper sb from getting elected handicap 障碍,不利条件:Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student haste 急速,急忙,仓促,草率: Why all this haste? hatch 孵,孵出:hatch (out) chickens hazard 危险,危害物,危险之源:a life full of hazards heal 治愈,愈合:heal the sick heap (一)堆:a big heap of books hedge (矮树)树篱:a quickset hedge highlight 使显著,使突出:Growing economic problems were highlighted by a slowdown in oil output hinder妨碍,阻止:Bad weather hindered travel hint 暗示:drop(give ,throw out)a hint hoist 举起,升起,吊起:The war hoisted prices hold 拿着,抓住:The girl is holding the baby in her arms homogeneous 同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的:homogeneous parts horizon 地平(线):The sun has sunk below the horizon hospital 好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的:be hospital to the homeless hostile 敌人的,敌方的:a hostile army humble 地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的:a humble job hysterical 情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的 an hysterical outburst of fury I identical 同一的:the same (very)identical menu identify 识别,鉴别:He identified the coat as his brother’s idle 闲散的,闲置的:idle money ignite点燃,使燃烧:ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper ignore 不顾,不理,忽视:He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it illuminate 照明,照亮,解释,启发,启迪:The room was poorly illuminated by one candle illustrate (用图或例子)说明,阐明:A complicated rule can be illustrated by a simple example immerse 使浸没:He immersed himself in the pool immune免除的,豁免的:Nobody is immune from criticism impact 冲击,撞击:the impact of light on the eye impair 削弱,减少:The output of produce was impaired by the bad weather impartial 公正的,无偏见的:A judge should be impartial implement 工具,器具,用具:new types of farm implements impose 征(税),加(负担,惩罚等)于(on, upon):impose additional tax on business expansion impulse 推动,驱动:give an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between the two countries inaccessible 达不到的:The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is at first sight inaccessible incline倾斜:The shaft inclines almost thirty degree incorporate 包含,吸收:His book incorporates his earlier essays incur 招致,引起,遭受:incur sb’s displeasure(envy) indignant 愤怒的,愤慨的:The actress was at the columnist’s personal questions indispensable 必不可少的,必需的(to. for): Oxygen is indispensable to life induce 引诱,劝使:Nothing will induce me to do that infer (根据已知事实等)推断,推定(from):From his grades I inferred that he was a good student ingenious (人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的:an ingenious designer initiate 开始,发起:initiate a conversation innovate 革新,改革,创新(in,on/upon):innovate on another’s creation inquire 询问,打听:He inquired what the weather was likely to be insert 插入,嵌入:In the pause he managed to inquire a question inspire 鼓舞,激起:His speech inspires the crowd instant 紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的:be in instant need of help institute 学会,协会,学院,研究院:an institute for the blind insulate 隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响):We are not insulated from the real world the way we were insult 侮辱,辱骂:She insulted him by calling him a coward insure 保险,给。。。保险:Every father should insure his life for the sake of his wife and children intact 完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的:an intact family integrate使成一体,使合并(with, into):integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine interfere 妨碍,冲突(with):Misty weather interfered with the contact intermittent 间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的:suffer from intermittent headaches intervene 插入,介入:A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year’s Day intricate 错综复杂的,复杂精细的:A detective story usually has an intricate plot invert 使反向,使倒转,使颠倒:The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty irrespective 不考虑的,不顾的(of) :irrespective of consequences irritate 激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁:be irritated by sb’s insolence J justify 证明。。。正当或有理,正确:Such behavior is justified on these grounds K knit 编织,编结:She’s knitting her husband a sweater L label 标签,标记,标号:put labels on your luggage lag 走得慢,落后,滞留:Some of the runners began to lag latent 潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的:a latent infection leak 漏洞,裂缝:The pipe has got a leak lean 斜,倾斜 the Leaning tower of Pisa lend 借给,贷款 Could you lend me your car length 长,长度 What is the length of the street? liable 会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes liberal 慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donation light 光,光亮,光线 The house blazed with light limp 软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater linger逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until closing time long 长的,远的,久的 a long journey lubricate 使润滑 lubricate the skin with cold cream lump块,小方块 a lump of coal M macroscopic肉眼可见的 magnet 磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted with a magnet magnify 放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture maintain 维持,保持 maintain law and order malfunction 发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the computer malfunctions it fails to work properly maltreat 粗暴地对待,虐待 We’ll not intervene unless the children are being physically maltreated manifest 显然的,明了的manifest superiority manipulate (熟练地)操作 Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity mature 熟的,成熟的 a mature fruit meet 遇见,碰到 He met her there by chance melt 使融化,使熔化 The sun melted the snow mend 修理,修补 mend clothes merit 长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits migrate 移居(尤指移居国外),迁移 migrate to another country minimum 最低限度,最少量,最低点 minor 较小的,较少的,较不重要的 mislead 把……引错方向,把……引入歧途 moan 呻吟声,呜咽声 Each time she moved her leg she let out a ~ . mobilize 动员 Our country’s in great danger, we must ~ the army. mock 嘲笑,嘲弄 He had ~ed her modest ambitions. model 模型,原形 build airplane ~s modify 修改,更改 ~a law momentary 片刻的,瞬息的 a ~ feeling of fear monitor (学校的)班长 a ~ in class 5. mortgage 抵押(借款)He will have to ~ his land for a loan. motion 动,运动the ~ of the planets motive 动机,目的be proper in~ mount登上, 爬上~ the steps multiply 乘,相乘~ 7 and 8 muscle 肌肉 facial ~s mutual 相互的, 彼此的 ~ aid N narrate 叙述,讲述 ~ the story of sb’s life nasty 龌龊的,肮脏的 a~ room necessitate 使成为必须,需要 The emergency ~d a change in plans. necessity 必要(性),(迫切)需要 There is no ~ for disappointment. neglect 忽视,忽略 ~ one’s health negligent 疏忽的,大意的 be ~ about traffic regulations nominal 名义的,有名无实的 a ~ leader nominate 提名 a ~ leader noteworthy值得注意的,显著的a ~ day notorious 臭名昭著的a ~ thief notwithstanding 虽然,尽管 They traveled on,~ the storm nourish养育Milk is all we need to ~our small baby numb 麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers ~ with cold O object 物体,事物 cultural ~s objective 目的,宗旨 political ~s oblige 强迫,迫使 In certain countries the law ~s parents to send their children to school obscure 晦涩的,费解的 an ~ text obsolete 废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are ~. obstinate 顽固的,固执的,倔强的The girl would go her own way, in spite of all warnings occasion 时刻,场合They met on three ~s occupy 占用,占有My books ~ a lot of space occur 发生,存在,出现 when did the earthquake ~? odd的奇数的,单的,奇怪的One ,three five are ~numbers offend 冒犯,使生气 She was afraid of ~ing anyone. offence 犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug ~s. offset 补偿,抵消They gains ~the losses. omit 省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted. opaque 不透明的A brick wall is ~. optimistic 乐观的,乐观主义的 option 选择权 It is your ~ to take it or leave it orient 东方,东方国家 political theory in the West and in the Orient origin 起源,由来 a word of Latin ~ ornament 装饰品,点缀品 We bought ~s for the Christmas tree orthodox 正统的,正宗的 an ~ economic theory outline轮廓,外形 He saw the ~ of a house against the sky overflow 泛滥 Every spring the river ~s overhaul 大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine overhear 偶然听到,偷听到I wouldn’t like to be ~d overlap 重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle Ages overtake 赶上,超过 He ran out of the door to ~ her overthrow 推翻,打倒 a plot to ~ the government overwhelm 征服,压倒,毁坏 He took 45% of the ballots and ~ed his two main rivals P pace 步,步速,步伐 He took three ~s forward pack 包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a ~ on his back pad 垫,衬垫 a seat ~ pant 气喘,气喘吁吁地说话 He ~ed along beside the bicycle parallel 平行的 The road is ~ to the river paralyze 使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke ~d half his face partial 偏向一方的,偏袒的,偏爱的 A parent should not be ~ to any one of his children participate 参与,参加,In a modern democracy people want to ~ more fully particular 特殊的,特别的 a matter of ~ importance pat (用掌或扁平物)轻拍,轻打She patted a place next to her for me to sit down patch 补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket patent 专利,专利权,专利品 take out a ~ for an invention pattern 模范,榜样 set the ~ for pave 铺路,铺砌,铺筑 ~ a road with concrete peculiar 奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little ~ peel 削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes penetrate 穿透,渗入 The nail ~d the wood at least two inches perceive 感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to ~ light and color ;he could not see properly perfect 完美的,理想的 a ~ couple perform 做,执行,完成~ an experiment perfume 香水,香料,香气She loves French ~(s) periodical 期刊,杂志 a ~ room perish 卒,丧生~ from disease perpetual 永久的,永恒的,长期的 a ~ arms race perplex 使困惑,使茫然 The question ~ed him persecute 虐待,残害,迫害 ~ animals perspective 透视画法,透视图 a lesson in drawing class on ~ pessimistic 悲观的 I am ~ about my chances of getting the job petition 请愿,请愿书 get up a ~ pierce 刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn ~d his heel pile 一堆,一叠 a ~ of sand pilot 飞行员,驾驶员 pin 大头针,别针 pinch 捏,拧,夹 I ~ed myself to make sure I wasn’t dreaming plausible 论点等貌似有理的 a ~ excuse plead 恳求,请求 His parents ~ed that he should be given one more chance pledge 保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one’s ~ plot 小块土地 a vegetable ~ plug 塞子,栓 He wears rubber ~s in his ears when he swims plunge 猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the swimming pool and ~d in pocket 衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change ~ polish 擦光,擦亮 Polish your shoes with a brush poll 民意测验 A recent ~ shows a change in public opinion pool 水池,游泳池 a swimming ~ portable 便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的This little TV is extremely ~ pose 姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various ~s for the photographer postpone 延迟,延缓,延期 We are postponing our trip until the weather grows warmer potential 潜在的,可能的 That hole in the road is a ~ danger pour 倒,注,灌,倾泻,涌流 He began to ~ with sweat preach 讲道,布道 ~ to a packed church preside 主持,主管(at, over) The vice chairman of the board will ~ at today’s meeting press 按,挤,压 ~ the bell presume 推测,假定,假设 From the way they talked, I ~d them to be married prevail 流行,盛行 This custom still ~s among members of the older generation prey 被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its ~ and ate it prick 一刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a ~ of the needle prime 首要的,主要的 a matter of ~ importance primitive 原始的,上古的,早期的 a ~ forest prior 在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their ~ approval here privilege 特权,优惠,特免 In countries where there are still not many schools, education is a ~ probe 探索,探查,调查 ~ the roots of war proceed (尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train ~ed at the same speed as before process 过程,进程 the ~ of digestion proclaim 宣告,宣布,声明 ~ war produce 生产,制造 Canada ~s wheat and furs profit 利润,收益,红利 They made millions in ~s in last year profound 很深的 a ~ sleep prohibit 禁止 Tourist class passengers are ~ed from using the first class lounge project 计划,方案 draw up a ~ prolong 延长,拉长,拖延 a means of ~ing life prominent 突起的,凸出的 a ~ forehead prompt 敏捷的,迅速的 He is ~ on the job pronounce 发音 ~ distinctly propose提议,建议 When she was very ill ,her lawyer has ~d to her that she might like to make a will prosper 兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm ~ed through good management provoke 挑动,激起,导致 He tried to ~ them into fighting pump 泵 fill a bucket from the ~ pursue 追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him puzzle 难题,智力玩具,迷,迷惑 jigsaw ~ Q quality 质量,品级 merchandise of ~ quantity 数量,量 an increase in ~ quench 消除,平息,压制,扑灭 ~ hatred queue一队人,一行列车 from a ~ quit 停止,放弃 It hasn’t ~ raining yet quiver 颤抖,抖动 ~ with cold quote引用,引述,援引 She ~d several verses to us R rack 架子,支架,搁架 a clothes ~ radiate(光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun ~s light and heat radical 根本的,基本的a ~ error rake (长柄)耙,耙机,耙状物 an oyster ~ rally 集合,团结 ~ public opinion in favor of price controls random胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a ~talk range 排,行,一系列 a ~ of buildings rank排,行,列 the ~s of great pines rate 比率,率 Velocity is the ~ of change of distance with respect to time reap 收割,收获 ~ the rice in the field rear 后部,后边,背部a garden at the ~ of the house recall 回忆,回想I ~ seeing a poster on his wall reciprocal 相互的,交互的 ~ respect reckon 计算,数 ~ the days till Christmas reclaim 使改过,改造 ~ former criminals recognize认出,识别 Dogs ~ people by their smell recollect 回忆,想起 I am trying to ~ a forgotten address recommend 推荐,称赞 He ~ed me for the post of headmaster reconcile 使和解,使和好After each fight they ate soon ~d recover 追回,重新得到The police ~ed stolen watch recruit 招募(新兵)招收(新成员)try to ~300 men in two days rectify纠正,改正,矫正 ~ the mistakes in a bill refer 提到,谈到 Does the remark ~ to me refine 提炼~ crude oil into various petroleum products reform 改革,改良 He spend years trying to ~ the world refresh 使恢复活力,使振作精神 Sleep ~es the body refute驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments regard 看待,认为,对待 I ~ the matter in this light regenerate 使恢复,使复兴,再生The human body can ~ hair, nails, etc regulate管理,控制,为……制订规章 The policeman ~d traffic at the intersection reign 为王,统治In England ,the sovereign ~s but does not rule reinforce 增援,加强 They hope to ~ their domination in these countries rejoice 使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation ~ over the victory relate 讲述,叙述 She ~d the experience of a Chinese girl in the United States relay 接力传送,传递 ~ a message release 排放,释出 ~ a bomb from an aircraft relevant 有关的,切题的I don’t think his remarks are ~ to our discussions relieve 缓解,减轻,解除He smoked frequently to ~ nervous tension remark 评论,议论 (on, upon) It would be rude to ~ upon her appearance remedy 治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk ~ remember 记得,回想起,不忘记 I ~ reading that boo when I was eight remind 提醒,使想起 I ~ed him of his promise remove 移开,挪走 ~ one’s eyes from the picture render 使得,使成为 The blow ~ed him unconscious renew 更新,恢复,更换We feel totally ~ed in body ,mind ,and spirit renovate 修复,整修 ~ a two storey building repel 击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥 ~ the enemy repent 后悔,懊悔 ~of a thoughtless act replace 代替,取代,更换The calculator is rapidly replacing the abacus represent 代表,象征To many local people these castles ~ a hundred years of foreign domination reproach 责备,指责,斥责 mute ~ rescue 营救,救援,搭救 ~ hostages held by the terrorists resent 怨恨 ~ those unfair comments reserve 保留,储备 We’ll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon resign 辞职,引退 He ~ed from his post resolve 决定,打定注意要 Have you ~d where to go next? resort 求助,凭借,诉诸 ~ to sb for help restore 恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been ~d out of all recognition restrain 抑制,遏止 ~ one’s anger resume 重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I ~d writing retain 保留,保持 ~the right to reply reveal 揭示,揭露 I promise never to ~ his secret revenge 报仇,复仇Man may destroy the balance of nature ,but ,from time to time, nature takes a terrible ~ reverse 相反的,颠倒的,倒退的a ~ dictionary revise 修订,校订 ~ a dictionary revive 苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will ~ ridiculous 可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 In this department of English girls outnumber boys in a ~ ratio rigid 刚性的,坚硬的 a ~ piece of plastic ripe 成熟的,时机成熟的 a ~ cluster of grapes roll 滚动,滚落 Rocks were ~ing down the hillside rot 腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化Meat may ~ if it is not refrigerated roundabout 绕道的,绕圈子的,不直接的 The car has to take a ~ course to avoid the flood rouse 惊起 The boat ~d wild ducks to flight row 吵闹,争吵 What’s all this ~ about? rub 擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes rush 冲,奔 ~ into the room rust 锈,铁锈 Iron gathers ~easily ruthless 无情的,残忍的,冷酷的 a~ enemy S sack 麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋 a ~of cement sacred 神圣的the ~ name of God sacrifice 献祭,供奉 a law banning the ~ of animals salute 敬礼,祝贺 ~ one’s superior officer scan 细看,审视 ~ the doctor’s face for a sign of hope scare 惊吓,恐惧 The thunder ~d the children scatter 撒,撒播~ corn for the chickens schedule 时间表,进度表 a fight ~ scheme 计划,方案 He suggested several ~s to increase sales scold 责骂,训斥 Dad ~ed me for coming home late score 得分,比分,分数,成绩 At the end of first half there’s no ~ scorn 轻蔑,鄙视 He ~s lying scrap 碎片,零屑 ~s of bread scrape 刮,擦 ~one’s chin scratch 抓,刮,擦 The cat ~ed me with its claws screen 屏,幕,帘 a folding ~ secure 安全的,可靠的,有把握的 a castle ~from attack seek 寻找,探索 ~ shelter from the rain seize 抓住,捉住The policeman ~d him by the collar sense 感官,官能 Sight ,hearing ,touch, taste, and smell are the five ~s sensible 明知的,合情理的 a ~ choice serve 服务,履行职责 He ~d as an adviser to the company set 放置 He set his hand on my shoulder shade 荫,荫凉处The group of trees provide some ~ from the sun sham假装,虚伪 Her illness was a ~ to gain sympathy shame 羞耻,羞愧 flush with ~ shape 形状,外形 the ~ of sb’s face share 一分,分额,一部分 They divided the money into equal ~s shear 剪,修剪 ~ a lawn shed 流 ~ one’s blood for one’s country sheer 完全的,十足的 ~ nonsense shelter 掩蔽处,躲避处 a bus ~ shield 盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a ~ shift 转移,移动 Don’t try to ~the blame onto me shower 阵雨,阵雨般的东西 be caught in a hard ~ shrewd 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 a ~ guess signify 表示,表明,预示 ~ consent with a nod simulate 假装,冒充 use tricks to ~ illness sit 坐,就坐 He was sitting over his coffee with a cigar sketch 素描,速写 make a ~ of a face in pencil slack 不紧的,不严的 a ~ soft rope slender 苗条的,修长的,细长的She is ~ and has long dark hair slide 滑行,滑动,滑落 The drawers of my desk ~ in and out easily slim苗条的,薄的 Regular exercise will make you slimmer slip 滑倒,滑落,滑行 She ~ed on the wet stones and fell slit 切开,撕开 ~ the envelope open slope 倾斜,有坡度 The ground ~s down sharply at this point sly 狡猾的,偷偷的 a ~answer smart 聪明的,精明的 Smart students talk earlier than the average smash 打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball ~ed the window smooth 平滑的,光滑的~ skin snatch 夺得,一把抓住 The thief ~ed her handbag and ran off snob 势力的人,谄上欺下的人 a ~ of the first water soak 湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn’t have gone out in the rain-your clothes are ~ing sober 未醉的 A driver must stay ~ soil 泥土,土壤The ~here is very fertile sophis

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