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当前位置:中国在职研究生招生信息网>试题>MBA阅读三大必须掌握的灵魂词汇
MBA阅读三大必须掌握的灵魂词汇

来源:中国在职研究生招生信息网 中国在职研究生招生信息网 发布时间:2017-04-18 14:01:50 作者:

 

  灵魂词汇1 ----- 功能性词汇

  功能动词:

  表示“分类”: classify, assort , categorize , label

  * People are usually categorized/classified as sociable and unsociable.

  * The man is usually labeled as a new-rich [暴发户]. 人们常把他归于暴发户之列

  表示“造成”: cause , lead to , result in , bring about ,bring on , trigger , give rise to

  engender:*Sympathy often engenders love.同情常常产生爱情

  表示“做”:   conduct , carry out , implement , commit , be under way ,

  * 真题07-3 Michael Lynn, has conducted dozens of studies of tipping…

  * The government promised to implement a new system to control financial loan

  institutions. 政府承诺实施/执行一个新的系统来控制金融贷款机构。

  * The project is now well under way. 一个项目正在顺利行进

  表示 “评估”:evaluate, appraise, assess , judge

  表示“期望”:expect , anticipate, long for , look forward to , hope , wish

  表示 “拥有”:  have, own , possess, hold, be in possession of , belong to (属于)

  表示 “掌控”:  control, be in charge of , dominate, monitor , supervise

  表示“破坏”:  damage , ruin , spoil , destroy , devastate , raze , wreck

  * The accident wrecked his health. 这次意外事故损坏了他的健康。

  表示“理解,知道”:understand , appreciate , be aware of , be conscious of , recognize

  表示“很多”:   many, numerous, a flood of , a good many, considerable , substantial abundant ,

  a wealth of [修饰可数或不可数],plenty of , a great number of , a great deal of

  表示“有联系”:relate to , correlate to, associate with , connect to , link with , be linked to

  表示 “表明,证明”: show, demonstrate , manifest v. , prove , reveal , # unravel [ravel n.混乱]

  表示 “参与”:  take part in , participate in ,be involved in ,

  功能形容词:

  表示“相反”: opposing :  He has an opposing view about the world . 对于世界他有完全不同

  的观点

  contradictory: contradictory ideas 相互矛盾的观点

  表示“反对”: against ,be opposed to, be averse to … ,object to ,

  真题07-3: "I knew three groups would be opposed: customers, servers and

  restaurant owners"

  表示“调整适应”:adjust to , adapt to ,

  gear to : This training is geared to passing MBA examinations.

  accommodate : The eye can accommodate itself to seeing objects at different

  distances. 眼睛能自动调节以便观看远近不同的景物。

  表示“很可能,倾向于”: be likely to , be apt to , be prone to , be inclined to , tend to

  * People are inclined to believe that the more money they have the happier they

  would be

  表示“足够”:enough,adequate , ample ,sufficient

  表示 “好,棒”: good , great , fabulous, marvelous, magnificent , miraculous, terrific , amazing

  fantastic, gorgeous

  表示“难以置信”: unbelievable , incredible, unimaginable,  It is hard to believe/imagine …

  表示“重要”: important , critical , crucial, essential , fundamental , foremost , significant [意义

  重大], vital ,

  表示“不可缺少”: necessary , essential , indispensible , integral [强调组成整体中的一部分]

  * Kids are an integral part of a family.

  表示 “明显的”: obvious, apparent, clear , distinct , evident , manifest , # overt [公开的]

  表示 “复杂的”: complicated , complex , involved , sophisticated [强调因为技术精密而复杂]

  * a sophisticated telescope 精密复杂的望远镜

  表示  “有前景”: promising , potential , prospective

  功能副词:

  表示“主要地,根本上地” mainly,  basically, chiefly, essentially, primarily, principally

  表示“仅仅,只不过”: only, just , merely, solely , no more than ,exclusively

  * He learned music solely for fun. 他学音乐只是为了开心。

  * He learned English exclusively by himself. 他的英语只是自学的。

  [强调没有靠其他方式]

  表示 “非常,很”: very , greatly ,awfully, badly, considerably , enormously, extremely,

  significantly, highly, radically, excessively [过渡地],

  # disproportionately[比例过大地],

  表示”大约” :  about, approximately , around , or so ,

  some: Some 4000 people went to the show

  表示“实际上,实质上”:

  actually , as a matter of fact , in fact , in effect , practically, really, virtually

  其他

  表示“关于”:about, in regard to ,  respecting , on , with respect to ,

  in terms of(在…方面):China is great nation in terms of its history.

  表示“同时”: at the same time , in the meantime , meanwhile ,

  #simultaneously, [?????????????????]  # synchronously [????????????]

  表示“根据”:according to , based on ,

  in the light of :  *In the light of the evidence, we are convinced that he is right.

  表示“暗示,线索”: clue , clew, hint , implication

  灵魂词汇2 --- 态度观点信号词:

  论点:认为,相信: argue , argument , believe , suppose, think , be convinced that [相信] , hold the belief that … , have a notion that …, view…as , regard….as , see…as, consider….to be, reckon [算作,设想],

  论据:  for example , for instance , specifically,  take… as an example

  like , such as … , Imagine …. ,

  调查研究:investigation , inquiry  [hold an inquiry into a case对一个案子进行调查]

  research, study, survey, report , questionnaire[调查问卷],measurement ,

  调查研究结果:

  得出结论: conclude that … ,come to a conclusion that …. , draw a conclusion that …

  表明,发现: show , suggest , demonstrate , manifest [清楚地显示或表示] display,

  find , find out, discover, reveal , prove

  indicate, imply,

  预测:  forecast , foretell, foresee, predict

  表示赞同: agree, appreciate , approve, consent to

  表示反对: against , disagree, disapprove, dissent , object to , be opposed to

  表示事实: belief , fact , reality, truth

  表示理论,设想:assumption , theory, hypothesis [假设]

  表示目的: to do, aim at, for the sake of , for , serve as, in favor of [有利于],

  for the purpose of,  intend to do ,

  论据中常见专家名称:

  expert , specialist , professor , associate professor [副教授], sociologist [社会学家],

  economist, linguist[语言学家],consultant [顾问] psychologist [心理学家],behaviorist [行为学家],

  philosopher[哲学家] , anthropologist [人类学家],archaeologist [考古学家],

  灵魂词汇3 --逻辑信号词 ? 路标词

  1,表示因果的

  原因:后接句子 ---  Because, since , as , for

  后接词组 ---  because of , thanks to , owing to , due to , as a result of ,

  by/in virtue of [由于]

  * The movie touched me by virtue of its story.

  结果: so(that), accordingly[因此] ; as a result; consequently; for this

  (that)reason; hence; therefore

  此外:表因果的特色词汇

  比如A 是因,B是果:

  A  account for / be responsible for  B

  A cause / lead to / result in / bring about / bring on / trigger /give rise to  B

  2,表示转折的

  “但是,然而”:but , however;  yet , nevertheless, whereas

  “尽管,虽然”:后接句子 --- although , though, even though , while ,# notwithstanding

  后接词组 --- despite; in spite of

  “相反地”:    conversely[相反地] ; on the contrary;

  “另一方面”: on the other hand;

  3,表示比较的

  by comparison ; in contrast (相比之下); in the same way; similarly

  4,表示递进的

  also; besides; furthermore; in addition; in particular(特别地)more importantly; moreover; What’s more

  5,表示概括的

  in brief;  in conclusion; in short; in a word , in sum; to sum up; on the whole

  ,  to conclude

  6.表示并列:

  and , or , at the same time, meanwhile , as well as
 

[撰稿:]

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